List of Famous Inventors

NameDatesNationalityInventions
Abraham LincolnFebruary 12, 1809 -April 15, 1865AmericanDevice for Buoying Vessels Over Shoals
Adolphe SaxNovember 6, 1814 – February 7, 1894BelgianSaxophone
Al Khwarizmic. 780 – c. 850PersianMural Instrument and Sine Quadrant
Albert HofmannJanuary 11, 1906 – April 29, 2008Swiss Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD)
Alberto Santos-DumontJuly 20, 1873 – July 23, 1932BrazilianAirship and Fixed-wing Aircraft
Alessandro VoltaFebruary 18, 1745 – March 5, 1827Italian Battery
Alexander FlemingAugust 6, 1881 – March 11, 1955Scottish Penicillin
Alexander Graham BellMarch 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922ScottishTelephone
Alexander PopovMarch 16, 1859 – January 13, 1906RussianRadio Receiver and Lightning Detection
Alfred NobelOctober 21, 1833 -December 10, 1896Swedish Gelignite and Dynamite
AlhazenJuly 1, 965 AD - March 6, 1040ArabPinhole Camera
Al-Jazaric. 1136 – c. 1206ArabRobotics, Elephant Clock, Sand Casting, Lamination, Paper Model, Flush Toilet
Al-Kindic. 801 – c. 873 ArabCryptanalysis and Frequency Analysis
Amar BoseNovember 2, 1929 – July 12, 2013Indian AmericanDirect/Reflecting Audio Speakers
Andrei SakharovMay 21, 1921 – December 14, 1989RussianTsar Bomba, Tokamak and Explosively Pumped Flux Compression Generator
Antonio MeucciApril 1808 – 18 October 1889Italian Telephone
Archimedesc. 287 BC – c. 212 BCAncient GreekArchimedes’ Screw
AvicennaAugust 980 – June 1037PersianEssential Oil, Steam Distillation, Clincial Trial, Pharmacopoeia, Alternative Cancer Treatments, Quarantine and Clinical Pharmacology
B. F. SkinnerMarch 20, 1904 – August 18, 1990AmericanAir Crib, Operant Conditioning Chamber, Cumulative Recorder, Teaching Machine and Verbal Summator
Baltzar von PlatenFebruary 24, 1898 - 1984Swedish Gas Absorption Refrigerator
Barnes WallisSeptember 26, 1887 – October 30, 1979BritishBouncing Bomb
Bartolomeo CristoforiMay 4, 1655 – January 27, 1731Italian Piano
Benjamin FranklinJanuary 17, 1706 – April 17, 1790AmericanFranklin Stove, Bifocals, Lightning Rod and Glass Harmonica
Blaise PascalJune 19, 1623 – August 19, 1662FrenchPascal’s Calculator and Adding Machine
Buckminster FullerJuly 12, 1895 – July 1, 1983AmericanGeodesic Dome
Burt RutanJune 17, 1943AmericanSpaceShipOne
Charles BabbageDecember 26, 1791 – October 18, 1871BritishAnalytical Engine and Difference engine
Charles Francis JenkinsAugust 22, 1867 – June 6, 1934AmericanTelevision and Movie Projector
Charles GoodyearDecember 29, 1800 – July 1, 1860AmericanVulcanization
Charles LindberghFebruary 4, 1902 – August 26, 1974American “Model T” Pump
Charles SimonyiSeptember 10, 1948Hungarian-AmericanHungarian Notation
Christiaan HuygensApril 14, 1629 - July 8, 1695Dutch Pendulum Clock
Cyrus McCormickFebruary 15, 1809 – May 13, 1884AmericanMechanical Reaper
Dean KamenApril 5, 1951
AmericanSegway PT and iBOT
Dennis RitchieSeptember 9, 1941 – October 12, 2011AmericanC Programming Language and UNIX Operating System
Dmitri MendeleevFebruary 8, 1834 - February 2, 1907RussianPeriodic Table
Douglas EngelbartJanuary 30, 1925 – July 2, 2013AmericanMouse
Eadweard MuybridgeApril 9, 1830 – May 8, 1904BritishFilm
Edward TellerJanuary 15, 1908 – September 9, 2003Hungarian-AmericanThermonuclear Weapon
Eli WhitneyDecember 8, 1765 – January 8, 1825AmericanMilling, Interchangeable Parts and Cotton Gin
Elias HoweJuly 9, 1819 - October 3, 1867AmericanSewing Machine
Elijah McCoyMay 2, 1844 – October 10, 1929Canadian-AmericanAutomatic Oil Cup
Elisha OtisAugust 3, 1811 – April 8, 1861AmericanThe Elevator
Ellen OchoaMay 10, 1958
AmericanOptical Analysis Systems
Emile BerlinerMay 20, 1851 – August 3, 1929AmericanGramaphone
Enrico FermiSeptember 29, 1901 – November 28, 1954Italian Nuclear Reactor
Erno RubikJuly 3, 1944
HungarianRubik’s Cube
Evangelista TorricelliOctober 15, 1608 - October 25, 1647Italian Barometer
Frank HornbyMay 15, 1863 – September 21, 1936BritishHornby Model Railways, Dinky Toys and Meccano
Frank WhittleJune 1, 1907 – August 9, 1996BritishJet engine
Gail BordenNovember 9, 1801 – January 11, 1874AmericanCondensed Milk
George Crumc. 1828 – July 22, 1914AmericanPotato Chips
George EastmanJuly 12, 1854 – March 14, 1932AmericanRoll Film
George FerrisFebruary 14, 1859 – November 22, 1896AmericanThe Ferris Wheel
George PullmanMarch 3, 1831 – October 19, 1897AmericanPullman Sleeper Car
George StephensonJune 9, 1781 – August 12, 1848BritishSteam Locomotive and Stephenson’s Rocket
George Washington Carverc. 1860 – 5 January 1943AmericanAgricultural Products
George WestinghouseOctober 6, 1846 – March 12, 1914AmericanRailway Air Brake
Granville T. WoodsApril 23, 1856 - January 30, 1910AmericanIncubator, Multiplex Telegraph, Telegraphony and Third Rail
Guglielmo MarconiApril 25, 1874 – July 20, 1937Italian Wireless Communication
Gunther von HagensJanuary 10, 1945GermanPlastination
Hans Lippersheyc. 1570 – buried September 29, 1619German-DutchTelescope
Hedy LamarrNovember 9, 1914 – January 19, 2000Austrian AmericanFrequency-Hopping Spread-Spectrum
Heinrich HertzFebruary 22, 1857 – January 1, 1894GermanWireless Telegraphy and Radar
Henry BessemerJanuary 19, 1813 – March 15, 1898BritishProcess for Mass-Producing Steel
Henry FordJuly 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947AmericanAssembly Line for Automobile Manufacturing
Herman HollerithFebruary 29, 1860 – November 17, 1929AmericanPunched Card and Tabulator
Humphry DavyDecember 17, 1778 – May 29, 1829Cornish Davy Lamp
Igor SikorskyMay 25, 1889 – October 26, 1972Russian AmericanHelicopter
Isaac NewtonDecember 25, 1642 – March 20, 1727BritishPet Door and Reflecting Telescope
Isaac SingerOctober 27, 1811 – July 23, 1875AmericanSewing Machine
J. Robert OppenheimerApril 22, 1904 – February 18, 1967AmericanAtomic Bomb
Jack KilbyNovember 8, 1923 – June 20, 2005AmericanIntegrated Circuit
Jacques CousteauJune 11, 1910 – June 25, 1997FrenchAqua-lung
Jagadish Chandra BoseNovember 30, 1858 - November 23, 1937Bengali Crescograph
James Clerk MaxwellJune 13, 1831 – November 5, 1879ScottishColor Photography
James DysonMay 2, 1947BritishBallbarrow
James Hargreavesc. 1720 – 22 April 1778BritishSpinning Jenny
James NaismithNovember 6, 1861 – November 28, 1939Canadian American Football Helmet and Basketball
James WattJanuary 30, 1736 – August 25 1819ScottishPhotocopier and Watt Steam Engine
Johannes Gutenbergc. 1398 – February 3, 1468GermanPrinting Press
John Barberc. 1734 – c. 1801BritishGas Turbine
John BardeenMay 23, 1908 – January 30, 1991AmericanTransistor
John DeereFebruary 7, 1804 – May 17, 1886AmericanSelf-Polishing Cast Steel Plow
John HarrisonApril 3, 1693– March 24, 1776BritishMarine Chronometer and Gridiron Pendulum
John Logie BairdAugust 14, 1888 – June 14, 1946ScottishTelevision
John Millerc. 1872 - June 24, 1941American Roller Coaster
John Moses BrowningJanuary 23, 1855 – November 26, 1926AmericanAutoloading Pistols
John Napierc. 1550 – 4 April 1617ScottishLogarithm and Napier’s Bones
John PembertonJuly 8, 1831 – August 16, 1888AmericanCoca-Cola
John VennAugust 4, 1834 – April 4, 1923BritishVenn Diagram
Joseph HenryDecember 17, 1797 – May 13, 1878AmericanElectromagnetic Induction
Joseph PriestleyMarch 24, 1733 – February 6, 1804BritishCarbonated Water
Joseph SwanOctober 31, 1828 – May 27, 1914BritishIncandescent Light Bulb
Juan de la CiervaSeptember 21, 1895 - December 9, 1936Spanish Autogyro
Justus von LiebigMay 12, 1803 – April 18, 1873GermanChloroform
Karl BenzNovember 25, 1844 – April 4, 1929GermanGasoline-powered Automobile
Kary MullisDecember 28, 1944
AmericanPolymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
Konrad ZuseJune 22, 1910 – December 18, 1995GermanComputer
Larry PageMarch 26, 1973
AmericanGoogle Search and PageRank
Leonardo da VinciApril 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519Italian Parachute, Armored Car, Triple Barrel Canon, Double Hull, Omtihopter and Anemometer
Les PaulJune 9, 1915 – August 12, 2009AmericanMultitrack Recording
Levi StraussFebruary 26, 1829 – September 26, 1902German AmericanBlue Jeans
Lewis LatimerSeptember 4, 1848 - December 11, 1928AmericanCarbon-filament Light Bulb
Linus TorvaldsDecember 28, 1969
Finnish AmericanLinux
Lonnie JohnsonOctober 6, 1949
AmericanSuper Soaker
Louis BrailleJanuary 4, 1809 - January 6, 1852French Braille System
Louis PasteurDecember 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895FrenchPasteurization
Madam C.J. WalkerDecember 23, 1867 – May 25, 1919AmericanHair Care Products
Marie CurieNovember 7, 1867 – July 4, 1934PolishDiscovery of Polonium and Radium
Mary Andersonc. 1866 – c. 1953AmericanWindscreen Wiper
Michael FaradaySeptember 22, 1791 – August 25, 1867BritishElectric Motor, Toy Balloon, Electrolysis, Homopolar Generator and Faraday Cage
Mikhail KalashnikovNovember 10, 1919 – December 23, 2013RussianAK-47 and AK-74
Montgolfier brothersFrenchHot Air Balloon
Muhammad YunusJune 28, 1940BangladeshMicrofinance
Murasaki Shikibuc. 973 or 978 – c. 1014 or 1031JapanesePsychological Novel
Nicolas AppertNovember 17, 1749 - June 1, 1841French Canning
Nikola Tesla10 July 1856 – 7 January 1943Serbian AmericanThree-phase Electric Power, Induction Motor, Wireless Telegraphy, Alternating Current, Tesla Coil, Neon Lamp and Remote Control
Ole Kirk ChristiansenApril 7, 1891 – March 11, 1958DanishLego
Otto LilienthalMay 23, 1848 – August 10, 1896GermanHang Glider
Otto von GuerickeNovember 30, 1602 – May 21, 1686German Vacuum Pump, Dasymeter and Pressure Measurement
Paul WinchellDecember 21, 1922 – June 24, 2005AmericanArtificial Heart
Percy SpencerJuly 19, 1894 – September 8, 1970AmericanMicrowave Oven
Peter CooperFebruary 12, 1791 – April 4, 1883AmericanJell-O
Philo FarnsworthAugust 19, 1906 – March 11, 1971AmericanTelevision
Ray DolbyJanuary 18, 1933 – September 12, 2013AmericanDolby Noise-Reduction System
Ray KurzweilFebruary 12, 1948
AmericanImage Scanner and Optical Character Recognition
Richard TrevithickApril 13, 1771 – April 22, 1833BritishSteam Locomotive
Robert FultonNovember 14, 1765 – February 24, 1815AmericanCommercial Steamboat
Robert GoddardOctober 5, 1882 – August 10, 1945AmericanLiquid-propellant Rocket and Rocket Engine
Robert MoogMay 23, 1934 – August 21, 2005AmericanMoog synthesizer
Robert NoyceDecember 12, 1927 – June 3, 1990AmericanIntegrated circuit
Roger Bacon c. 1214 – c. June 1292BritishMagnifying Glass
Ron PopeilMay 3, 1935AmericanHousehold Products
Rube GoldbergJuly 4, 1883 – December 7, 1970AmericanConvoluted Execution of Simple Tasks
Rudolf DieselMarch 18, 1858 – September 29, 1913German Diesel Engine
Ruth HandlerNovember 4, 1916 – April 27, 2002AmericanBarbie
Samuel ColtJuly 19, 1814 – January 10, 1862AmericanRevolver and Colt Paterson
Samuel MorseApril 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872AmericanMorse code
Satyendra Nath BoseJanuary 1, 1894 – February 4, 1974IndianBoson
Sergey BrinAugust 21, 1973
AmericanGoogle Search and PageRank
Simon Stevinc. 1548 – c. 1620Flemish Land Sailing
Spede PasanenApril 10, 1930 – September 7, 2001FinnishSki Jumping Sling
Steve JobsFebruary 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011AmericanPersonal Computer
Steve WozniakAugust 11, 1950AmericanPersonal Computer
Ted NelsonJune 17, 1937AmericanHypermedia and Hypertext
Temple GrandinAugust 29, 1947AmericanLivestock Handling Devices
Thomas Alva EdisonFebruary 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931AmericanIncandescent Light Blub, Phonograph cylinder, Quadruplex Telegraph, Carbon Microphone, Phonograph, Electric Power Distribution and Movie Camera
Thomas Crapperc. 1836 - January 27, 1910BritishBallcock
Thomas JeffersonApril 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826AmericanConsumer Devices
Thomas Saveryc. 1650 – c.1715BritishSteam Engine
Tim Berners-LeeJune 8, 1955BritishWorld Wide Web and HTML
Trevor BaylisMay 13, 1937BritishWind-up Radio
Ub IwerksMarch 24, 1901 – July 7, 1971AmericanMultiplane Camera
Vannevar BushMarch 11, 1890 – June 28, 1974AmericanDifferential Analyser
Walt DisneyDecember 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966AmericanMultiplane Camera
Werner von Siemens13 December 1816 – 6 December 1892GermanDynamo, Electric Elevator and Trolleybus
Wilhelm RöntgenMarch 27, 1845 – February 10, 1923GermanX-ray Generator
William ShockleyFebruary 13, 1910 – August 12, 1989AmericanTransistor
Wright brothersOrville (August 19, 1871 – January 30, 1948) and Wilbur (April 16, 1867 – May 30, 1912)AmericanAirplane

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